JAMB 2023/2024 syllabus for biology , All Subjects- keypoint and recommended text books
Jamb use of English Language syllabus 2023/2024
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Jamb physics syllabus
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Jamb syllabus for biology
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Jamb biology syllabus , key points and recommended text books is usually provided by the examination board to guide you on which particular area to read and prepare ahead of your peers.
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Latest biology syllabus for jamb
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Biology Jamb Syllabus ,
A: VARIETY OF ORGANISMS
- Living organisms:
b. Cell structure and functions of cell Components
c. Level of organization
i. Cell e.g. euglena and paramecium,
ii. Tissue, e.g. epithelial tissues and hydra
iii. Organ, e.g. onion bulb
iv. Systems, e.g. reproductive, digestive and excretory
v. Organisms e.g. Chlamydomonas
2. Evolution among the following:
- Monera (prokaryotes), e.g. bacteria and
blue green algae.
b. Protista (protozoans and protophyta),
e.g. Amoeba, Euglena and Paramecium
c. Fungi, e.g. mushroom and Rhizopus.
d. Plantae (plants)
i. Thallophyta (e.g. Spirogyra)
ii. Bryophyta (mosses and liveworts) e.g.
Brachmenium and Merchantia.
iii. Pteridophyta (ferns) e.g. Dryopteris.
iv. Spermatophyta (Gymnospermae and Angiospermae)
– Gymnosperms e.g. Cycads and conifers.
– Angiosperms (monocots, e.g. maize; dicots, e.g. water leaf)
e. Animalia (animals)
– coelenterate (e.g. Hydra)
– Platyhelminthes (flatworms) e.g. Taenia
– Nematoda (roundworms)
– Annelida (e.g. earthworm)
– Arthropoda e.g. mosquito, cockroach, housefly, bee, butterfly
– Mollusca (e.g. snails)
ii. Multicellular animals (vertebrates)
– pisces (cartilaginous and bony fish)
– Amphibia (e.g. toads and frogs)
– Reptilia (e.g. lizards, snakes and turtles)
– Aves (birds)
– Mammalia (mammals)
3.a Structural/functional and behavioural adaptations of organisms.
- adaptive colouration and its functions
c. Behavioural adaptations in social animals
d. Structural adaptations in organisms.
|B: FORM AND FUNCTIONS|
1. Internal structure of a flowering plant
b. Internal structure of a mammal
- Modes of nutrition
b. Types of Nutrition
c. Plant nutrition
ii. Mineral requirements
(macro and micro-nutrients)
d. Animal nutrition
i. Classes of food substances; carbohydrates, proteins, fats and oils, vitamins, mineral salts and water
ii. Food tests (e.g. starch, reducing sugar, protein, oil, fat etc.
iii. The mammalian tooth (structures, types and functions
iv. Mammalian alimentary canal
v. Nutrition process (ingestion, digestion, absorption,
and assimilation of digested food.
- Need for transportation
b. Materials for transportation.
Excretory products, gases, manufactured food, digested food, nutrient, water and hormones)
c. Channels for transportation
i. Mammalian circulatory system (heart, arteries,
veins, and capillaries)
ii Plant vascular system (phloem and xylem)
d. Media and processes of mechanism for transportation.
4. Respiration in
- Respiratory organs and surfaces
b. The mechanism of gaseous exchange in:
c. Aerobic respiration
d. Anaerobic respiration
- Types of excretory structures:
contractile vacuole, flamecell,
nephridium, Malpighian tubule, kidney,
stoma and lenticel.
b. Excretory mechanisms:
c. Excretory products of plants
6. Support and movement
- Tropic, tactic, nastic and sleep
movements in plants
b. supporting tissues in animals
c. Types and functions of the skeleton
iii. Functions of the skeleton in animals
- A sexual reproduction
i. Fission as in Paramecium
ii. Budding as in yeast
iii. Natural vegetative propagation
iv. Artificial vegetative propagation.
b. sexual reproduction in flowering plants
i. Floral parts and their functions
ii. Pollination and fertilization
iii. products of sexual reproduction
c. Reproduction in mammals
i. structures and functions of the male and female reproductive organs
ii. Fertilization and development.
(Fusion of gamates)
- meaning of growth
b. Germination of seeds and condition
necessary for germination of seeds.
9. Co-ordination and control
- Nervous coordination:
i. the components, structure and functions
of the central nervous system;
ii. The components and functions of the
peripheral nervous systems;
iii. Mechanism of transmission of impulses;
iv. Reflex action
b. The sense organs
i. skin (tactile)
ii. nose (olfactory)
iii. tongue (taste)
iv. eye (sight)
v. ear (auditory)
c. Hormonal control
i. animal hormonal system
– adrenal gland
ii. Plant hormones (phytohormones)
i. Body temperature regulation
ii. Salt and water regulation
1. Factors affecting the distribution of Organisms
2. Symbiotic interactions of plants and animals
(a) Energy flow in the ecosystem: food chains, food webs and trophic levels
(b) Nutrient cycling in nature
i. carbon cycle
ii. water cycle
iii. Nitrogen cycle
3. Natural Habitats
(a) Aquatic (e.g. ponds, streams, lakes
seashores and mangrove swamps)
(b) Terrestrial/arboreal (e.g. tree-tops of oil palm, abandoned farmland or a dry grassy (savanna) field, and burrow or hole.
4. Local (Nigerian Biomes)
- Tropical rainforest
b. Guinea savanna (southern and northern)
c. Sudan Savanna
e. Highlands of montane forests and grasslands of the Obudu, Jos, Mambilla Plateau.
5. The Ecology of Populations:
(a) Population density and overcrowding.
(b) Adaptation for survival
i. Factors that bring about competition
ii. Intra and inter-specific competition
iii. Relationship between competition and succession.
(c) Factors affecting population sizes:
Biotic (e.g. food, pest, disease, predation, competition, reproductive ability).
ii. Abiotic (e.g. temperature, space, light, rainfall, topography, pressure, pH, etc.
(d) Ecological succession
i. primary succession
ii. secondary succession
- a) (i) characteristics of different types
of soil (sandy, loamy, clayey)
ii. porosity, capillarity and humus
iii. Components of the soil
iii. soil organisms
iv. Soil air
v. Soil water
i. loss of soil fertility
ii. Renewal and maintenance of soil fertility
7. Humans and Environment
(i) Common and endemic diseases.
ii. Easily transmissible diseases and disease syndrome such as:
– sexually transmitted disease/syndrome (gonorrhea, syphilis, AIDS, etc.
b. Pollution and its control
(i) sources, types, effects and methods of control.
(ii) Sanitation and sewage
(c) Conservation of Natural Resources
(d) Game reserves and National parks
|D: HEREDITY AND VARIATIONS|
(I) Variation In Population
- Morphological variations in the physical appearance of individuals.
(i) size (height, weight)
(ii) Colour (skin, eye, hair, coat of animals, scales and feathers.
b. Physiological variation
(i) Ability to roll tongue
(ii) Ability to taste
(iii) Blood groups
c. Application of discontinuous
variation in crime detection,
blood transfusion and
determination of paternity.
- a) Inheritance of characters in organisms;
i) Heritable and non-heritable characters.
b) Chromosomes – the basis of heredity;
(ii) Process of transmission of hereditary characters from parents to offspring.
c) Probability in genetics and sex determination.
a) Application of the principles of heredity in:
Sex – linked characters e.g. baldness, haemophilia, colour blindness, etc.
1. Theories of evolution
- a) Lamarck’s theory
b) Darwin’s theory
c) organic theory
2. Evidence of evolution
Ndu, F.O. C. Ndu, Abun A. and Aina J.O. (2001) Senior Secondary School Biology:
Books 1 -3, Lagos: Longman
Odunfa, S.A. (2001) Essential of Biology, Ibadan: Heinemann
Ogunniyi M.B. Adebisi A.A. and Okojie J.A. (2000) Biology for Senior Secondary Schools: Books 1 – 3, Macmillan
Ramalingam, S.T. (2005) Modern Biology, SS Science Series. New Edition, AFP
Stan. (2004) Biology for Senior Secondary Schools. Revised Edition, Ibadan: Heinemann
Stone R.H. and Cozens, A.B.C. (1982) Biology for West African Schools. Longman
Usua, E.J. (1997) Handbook of practical Biology 2nd Edition, University Press, Limited
BIOLOGY RECOMMENDED Text for 2019/2020
Ambuna, A. Egunyomi, A. and Osakwe, J. (1990). Comprehensive Certificate Biology for Senior Secondary Schools: University Press Limited
Egunyomi A. Bob – Manuel, Abdullahi B.A. and Oyetola O.A. (1988). Exam Focus: Biology For WASSCE and JME 2nd Edition, University Press Limited
MacQueen J. and Murray J. (1978). Success in Biology, Benin: John Murray
Ndu, F.O. C. Ndu, Abun A. and Aina J.O. (2001). Senior Secondary School Biology: Books 1 -3, Lagos: Longman
Odunfa, S.A. (2001). Essentials of Biology, Ibadan: Heinemann
Oguniyi, M.B. Adebisi A.A. and Okojie J.A. (2000). Biology for Senior Secondary Schools: Books – 3, Macmillan
Ramalingam, S.T. (2005). Modern Biology, SS Science Series. New Edition, AFP
Roberts, A.B.U. (1993). Functional Approach in Biology
Sorojini, T.L. Sheila, P and Charles, T.P. (2000). Modern Biology for Secondary Schools. Revised Edition, FEP
STAN. (2004). Biology for Senior Secondary Schools. Revised Edition, Ibadan: Heinemann
Stone, R.H. and Cozens, A.B.C. (1982). Biology for West African Schools. Longman
Usua, E.J. (1997). Handbook of practical Biology 2nd Edition, University Press, Limited